Attack Speed

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Attack Speed or ASPD is the number determining how fast a character attacks. This parameter mainly deals with a character's auto-attacks, but it also acts to determine the Animation Delay of certain skills.

The maximum possible ASPD value is 193 for characters over level 100, and 190 for characters below level 100.

The amount of hits your character makes is calculated as such: 50 / (200-FinalASPD) hits per second

Which means, a character with 193 ASPD will do 50/7 = 7.14 attacks per second.

Formula

NovaRO's ASPD formula is based on KRO, which is very different from iRO's formula. You can expect to find it somewhat more difficult to attain higher ASPD here.

A Character's ASPD is calculated as follows:

ASPD Formula
ASPD1 Base ASPD - Weapon/Shield Penalty + Stat Bonus + (Status Bonus* AGI/200)
ASPD2 (195 - ASPD1) * %ASPD + ASPD1
Final ASPD ASPD2 + Flat Bonus

Which takes these following parameters into account:

  • Base ASPD: A base number determined by the character's class.
  • Weapon/Shield Penalty: A penalty based on the character's class and the weapon/shield being equipped.
  • Stat Bonus: bonus based on a Character's AGI and DEX.
  • Status Bonus: bonuses from status effects bestowed by ASPD potions and certain skills.
  • %ASPD: Percentage bonuses from certain items and equipments such as Cenere Card and Enriched Celermine Juice.
  • Flat Bonus: bonuses in the form of flat additions gained from certain equipment.

The Stat ASPD bonus is calculated differently depending on weapon type:

Bows, Instruments, Whips, and Firearms Other weapons
√(DEX²/7 + AGI²/2) / 4 √(DEX²/5 + AGI²/2) / 4

Examples

Example 1
A Rune Knight with a Two-Handed Sword, using Two-Hand Quicken and Berserk Potion:
  • Class: Rune Knight
  • Base ASPD: 156
  • Weapon/Shield Penalty:
    • Two-Handed Sword: -15
  • Status Bonuses:
    • Two-Hand Quicken: 7
    • ASPD Potion: 9
  • Stat Bonuses:
    • Total AGI: 150
    • Total DEX: 90

Calculation:

  • ASPD1 = 156 - 15 + (√(90²/5 + 150²/2) / 4) + ( (7 + 9) * 150/200 )
    • ASPD1 = 156 - 15 + 28 + 12
    • ASPD1 = 181
  • Final ASPD = 181
Example 2
A Ranger with a Bow, wearing the full White Wing set (ASPD +2), using an Awakening Potion:
  • Class: Ranger
  • Base ASPD: 156
  • Weapon/Shield Penalty:
    • Bow: -9
  • Status Bonuses:
    • ASPD Potion: 6
  • Stat Bonuses:
    • Total AGI: 175
    • Total DEX: 180
  • Flat Bonus: 2

Calculation:

  • ASPD1 = 156 - 9 + (√(180²/7 + 175²/2) / 4) + (6 * 175/200)
    • ASPD1 = 156 - 9 + 35 + 5
    • ASPD1 = 187
  • Final ASPD = 187 + 2
    • Final ASPD = 189
Example 3
A Guillotine Cross with double daggers, stacking various %ASPD and Flat bonuses, using Awakening Potion and Celermine Juice:
  • Class: Guillotine Cross
  • Base ASPD: 156
  • Weapon/Shield Penalty:
    • Dagger: -2
    • Dagger (left hand): -10
  • Status Bonuses:
    • ASPD Potion: 6
  • Stat Bonuses:
    • Total AGI: 170
    • Total DEX: 20
  • %ASPD: 52%
  • Flat Bonus: 4

Calculation:

  • ASPD1 = 156 - 19 + (√(20²/5 + 170²/2) / 4) + (6 * 170/200)
    • ASPD1 = 156 - 12 + 30 + 5
    • ASPD1 = 179
  • ASPD2 = (195 - 179) * 52% + 179
    • ASPD2 = 8 + 179
    • ASPD2 = 187
  • Final ASPD = 187 + 4
    • Final ASPD = 191
Example 4
A Rebel with a Gatling Gun stacking some %ASPD and Flat bonuses, using Berserk Potion, Celermine Juice, and Heat Barrel(ASPD +5):
  • Class: Rebel
  • Base ASPD: 146
  • Weapon/Shield Penalty:
    • Gatling Gun: +3
  • Status Bonuses:
    • Single Action: 5
    • ASPD Potion: 9
  • Stat Bonuses:
    • Total AGI: 120
    • Total DEX: 170
  • %ASPD: 28%
  • Flat Bonus: 6

Calculation:

  • ASPD1 = 146 + 3 + (√(170²/7 + 120²/2) / 4) + ( (5 + 9) * 120/200)
    • ASPD1 = 146 + 3 + 26 + 8
    • ASPD1 = 183
  • ASPD2 = (195 - 183) * 28% + 183
    • ASPD2 = 3 + 183
    • ASPD2 = 186
  • Final ASPD = 186 + 6
    • Final ASPD = 192

List of Modifiers

Weapon/Shield Penalty

Pticon 1swordman.png Swordman Branch
Pticon 1swordman.pngSwordman Pticon 2knight.pngKnight Pticon 3runeknight.pngRune Knight Pticon 2crusader.pngCrusader Pticon 3royalguard.pngRoyal Guard
Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd
Shield -5 Shield -5 Shield -5 Shield -5 Shield -5
Dagger -7 Dagger -9 Dagger -10 Dagger -8 Dagger -7
1h Sword -7 1h Sword -5 1h Sword -12 1h Sword -3 1h Sword -5
2h Sword -14 2h Sword -12 2h Sword -15 2h Sword -15 2h Sword -13
1h Axe -15 1h Axe -10 1h Axe -8 1h Axe -10 1h Axe -8
2h Axe -20 2h Axe -15 2h Axe -12 2h Axe -15 2h Axe -12
Mace -10 Mace -5 Mace -5 Mace -5 Mace -4
1h Spear -17 1h Spear -15 1h Spear -20 1h Spear -13 1h Spear -10
2h Spear -25 2h Spear -20 2h Spear -18 2h Spear -12 2h Spear -10
Pticon 1mage.png Mage Branch
Pticon 1mage.pngMage Pticon 2wizard.pngWizard Pticon 3warlock.pngWarlock Pticon 2sage.pngSage Pticon 3sorcerer.pngSorcerer
Base 146 Aspd Base 146 Aspd Base 151 Aspd Base 151 Aspd Base 156 Aspd
Shield -10 Shield -8 Shield -5 Shield -5 Shield -5
Dagger -0 Dagger -4 Dagger -7 Dagger -8 Dagger -10
1h Staff -5 1h Staff -3 1h Staff -5 1h Staff -10 1h Staff -5
2h Staff -5 2h Staff -3 2h Staff -11 2h Staff -10 2h Staff -15
Book +2 Book -5
Pticon 1archer.png Archer Branch
Pticon 1archer.pngArcher Pticon 2hunter.pngHunter Pticon 3ranger.pngRanger Pticon 2bard.pngBard/Pticon 2dancer.pngDancer Pticon 3minstrel.pngMinstrel/Pticon 3wanderer.pngWanderer
Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd
Shield -9 Shield -9 Shield -8 Shield -7 Shield -7
Dagger -15 Dagger -13 Dagger -10 Dagger -13 Dagger -12
Bow -10 Bow -8 Bow -9 Bow -8 Bow -9
Instrument -5 Instrument -4
Whip -5 Whip -4
Pticon 1acolyte.png Acolyte Branch
Pticon 1acolyte.pngAcolyte Pticon 2priest.pngPriest Pticon 3archbishop.pngArch Bishop Pticon 2monk.pngMonk Pticon 3sura.pngSura
Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 151 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 158 Aspd
Shield -7 Shield -5 Shield -5 Shield -5 Shield -5
Mace -5 Mace -3 Mace 0 Mace -3 Mace -5
1h Staff -20 1h Staff -20 1h Staff -15 1h Staff -20 1h Staff -10
2h Staff -20 2h Staff -20 2h Staff -10 2h Staff -18 2h Staff -12
Knuckle -20 Knuckle -5 Knuckle -0 Knuckle -1
Book -4 Book +1
Pticon 1merchant.png Merchant Branch
Pticon 1merchant.pngMerchant Pticon 2blacksmith.pngBlacksmith Pticon 3mechanic.pngMechanic Pticon 2alchemist.pngAlchemist Pticon 3genetic.pngGeneticist
Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd
Shield -5 Shield -5 Shield -6 Shield -4 Shield -4
Dagger -12 Dagger -10 Dagger -20 Dagger -10 Dagger -10
1h Sword -12 1h Sword -10 1h Sword -25 1h Sword -5 1h Sword -4
1h Axe -8 1h Axe -6 1h Axe -5 1h Axe -5 1h Axe -8
2h Axe -15 2h Axe -13 2h Axe -8 2h Axe -12 2h Axe -11
Mace -10 Mace -8 Mace -8 Mace -5 Mace -4
Pticon 1thief.png Thief Branch
Pticon 1thief.pngThief Pticon 2assassin.pngAssassin Pticon 3gx.pngGuillotine Cross Pticon 2rogue.pngRogue Pticon 3shadowchaser.pngShadow Chaser
Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd
Shield -6 Shield -6 Shield -9 Shield -5 Shield -4
Dagger -8 Dagger -2 Dagger -2 Dagger -5 Dagger -3
1h Sword -10 1h Sword -10 1h Sword -25 1h Sword -10 1h Sword -7
1h Axe -20 1h Axe -11 1h Axe -40 Bow -10 Bow -7
Bow -13 Katar -2 Katar -2
Dagger (left) -10 Dagger (left) -10
1h Sword (left) -12 1h Sword (left) -16
1h Axe (left) -12 1h Axe (left) -20
Pticon 0novice.png Extended Branch
Pticon 1supernovice.pngNovice/Super Novice Pticon 1ninja.pngNinja Pticon 2kagerou.pngKagerou/Oboro Pticon 1gunslinger.pngGunslinger Pticon 2rebel.pngRebellion
Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 146 Aspd Base 146 Aspd
Shield -10 Shield -6 Shield -3 Shield -6 Shield -4
Dagger -15 Dagger -3 Dagger -5 Revolver +5 Revolver +1
1h Sword -17 Huuma -15 Huuma -10 Rifle -5 Rifle -4
1h Axe -10 Dagger (left) -10 Dagger (left) -11 Gatling Gun 0 Gatling Gun +3
Mace -10 Shotgun -40 Shotgun -24
1h Staff -25 Grenade -50 Grenade -29
Pticon 1taekwonkid.png Taekwon Branch and Pticon 0summoner.pngDoram
Pticon 1taekwonkid.pngTaekwon Kid Pticon 2taekwonmaster.pngStar Gladiator Pticon 2soullinker.pngSoul Linker Pticon 0summoner.pngSummoner
Base 156 Aspd Base 156 Aspd Base 146 Aspd Base 156 Aspd
Shield -6 Shield -6 Shield -8 Shield -7
Book -10 Dagger 0 1h Staff -20
1h Staff -3
2h Staff -5

Status Bonus

As stated in the formula, these bonuses are further modified by your character's AGI. If your character has 0 AGI, these bonuses will not give any effect.

Skill Modifiers

  • 60.png Two-Hand Quicken = 7
  • 495.png One-Hand Quicken = 7
  • 258.png Spear Quicken = 7
  • 274.png Study = 2/level
  • 111.png Adrenaline Rush = 7
  • 509.png Single Action = 0.5/level
  • 359.png Berserk = 15
  • 320.png Assassin Cross of Sunset = Depends on caster's stats
  • Fighting Spirit = 0.4/level

ASPD Potion Modifiers

  • Concentration Potion = 4
  • Guarana Candy = 4
  • Awakening Potion = 6
  • Berserk Potion = 9
  • Enriched Celermine Juice* = 10%

*Counted as %ASPD instead of Status Bonus.

Calculator

A Calculator is available at the link below, created by forum user Noireth

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1tYX4jyC3JzRnkgqlrctWO6dVqTVz9u5-DU91Qffnu9k/edit?usp=sharing

To use the calculator, you need to import/make a copy of the spreadsheet in your drive.

See Also